FREE PROJECT WRITING TEMPLATE

 

Every academic project written should have most of the following information contained:

 

  • Title page
  • Declaration
  • Certification
  • Acknowledgements
  • Table of Contents
  • List of Tables
  • List of Figures
  • Abstract

 

Chapter One: Introduction

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the Research Problem

1.3    Research Questions

1.4    Objectives of the Study

1.5    Research Hypothesis

1.6    Scope of the Study

1.7    Significance of the Study

 

Chapter Two: Literature Review

2.1      Introduction

2.2      Concept of Independent Variable

2.3      Concept of Dependent Variable

2.4      Measuring Independent Variable

2.5      Measuring Dependent Variable

2.6      Factors affecting Independent Variable

2.7      Factors affecting Dependent Variable

2.8      Theoretical Framework (A Review of Current Literature and Conceptual Models/Theories)

2.8.1  Model/Theories for Independent Variable

            2.8.1.1    Description

            2.8.1.2    Relation to Analysis

            2.8.1.3    Criticism

2.8.2  Model/Theories for Dependent Variable

            2.8.2.1    Description

            2.8.2.1    Relation to Analysis

            2.8.2.3    Criticism

2.8.3  Model/Theories for Intervening Variables

            2.8.2.1    Description

            2.8.2.1    Relation to Analysis

            2.8.2.3    Criticism

 

Chapter Three: Methodology

3.1      Introduction

3.2      Research Design

3.3      Population and Sampling (Optional)

3.4      Research Instrument (Optional)

3.5      Model Specification

3.5.1  Model Construction/Specification

3.5.2  Apriori Sign/Expectation

3.6      Operationalization and Measurement of Variables

3.7      Sources of Data

3.8      Method of Data Analysis

3.8.1  Method Justification

3.9      Limitations of the Study

 

Chapter Four: Data Analysis and Presentation

4.1      Introduction

4.2      Descriptive Statistics

4.3      Hypotheses Testing

4.4      Discussion of Findings

4.4.1  Discussion of Analysis

4.4.2  Policy Implication

 

Chapter Five: Summary of Findings, Conclusions and Recommendations

5.1      Introduction

5.2      Summary of Findings

5.3      Contributions to Knowledge

5.4      Conclusions

5.5      Recommendations

5.6      Suggestions for Further Studies

            Bibliography

            Appendices

 

  • Title Page

The title page presents the title of the project work, the time frame, the purpose for which the project is being written for, the organization’s name for which it is being written for and the date

 

  • Declaration

For copyright purposes, the declaration page is created to disassociate the project work from all forms of plagiarism as well as protect the copyright interest of the author of the project work.

 

  • Certification

The certification page is created in order to highlight the overall awarding purpose of engaging in the project writing.

 

  • Acknowledgement

The acknowledgement page is created so as to avail the author or researcher the opportunity to identify, and appreciate contributors to the successful completion of the project work.

 

  • Table of Contents

The table of content presents an overall outline of sequence in which the project work must follow. It identifies each chapter and their sub headings

 

  • List of Tables

The list of tables presents each of the tables used in the project work sequentially and in an orderly manner for easy location.

 

  • List of Figures

The list of figures highlights equations used in the project work in an orderly manner.

 

Chapter One: Introduction

1.1      Background to the Study

This talks about the project topic across the world in general and in particular about the stated country. It creates an overview of scenarios that would cause the researcher to want to research about the chosen topic.

 

1.2      Statement of the Research Problem

This talks about the problems the researchers ahs identified on his project topic that inspires the researcher to want to conduct a research on the chosen topic. This section presents facts, statistics and information that portray the topic as it is in real life, it identifies problems in society and across the world concerning the topic.

 

1.3      Research Questions

Having concluded the statement of the research problem, the next step is to identify the research questions the project work seeks to provide answers to. Please be informed that the research    questions are derived mainly from the statement of problems you had earlier identified.

 

1.4      Objectives of the Study

Having identified the research questions the project seeks to answer, the next course of action is to identify the objective of the study. The objective of the study can broadly be divided into two categories. Namely:

  • Main Objective, and
  • General Objective

The main objective is directly derived from the first research question which is directly correlated with the project topic. Whereas, the general objective is broader in nature and highlights key variables that would be used in analysing the project topic. It is  also derived from the research question.

 

1.5      Research Hypothesis

The research hypothesis introduces some statements derived from the research objectives that would be tested empirically or scientifically or otherwise stated in the course of the project work. Although the research hypothesis is stated in chapter one of the study, it is tested in chapter four in line with data analysis. This serves as a yardstick in determining whether to accept or reject the null hypothesis or alternate hypothesis as the case may be.

On the empirical level, it is the null hypothesis that is being tested to see if it passes the statistical test or level of significance, and if it passes the test, we accept the null hypothesis, but, if it fails the test, then we fail to accept the null hypothesis and accept the alternate hypothesis.

            Symbols for Hypothesis:

            Null Hypothesis (H:o)

            Alternate Hypothesis (H:1)

 

1.6      Scope of the Study

The scope of the study identifies the time frame or period of time the project or research work covers. It identifies the period of time the project or research work seeks to analyse when all other factors are held constant. Any other time frame other than that specified in the scope of the study is held irrelevant to the particular study.

 

  1. Significance of the Study

This highlights the importance of the study to all parties that are involved in the study, including third parties that would at some point in time require the use of the project work for general or personal interest. For example: students, researcher, lecturers, governments, policy makers, business owners, managers, etc…

 

Chapter Two:  Literature Review

2.1      Introduction

Here, we introduce the topic of the project or research work, highlighting some basic definitions and the importance of reviewing both past and  present literatures across the world in general and to the country in which the research work is being carried out in particular.

 

2.2      Concept of Independent Variable

Usually, we merge the concept of the independent, dependent, and intervening or causal variables under the broad heading known as conceptual framework or conceptual issues. Here we start by defining the concepts as obtained from recognized books of study: firstly dictionary definitions, definitions portrayed by key professionals in the field of study before we now consider other authors definitions. Under the concept of independent variable, we review literatures from across the world relating to independent variables which are also known as the explanatory variables.

 

2.3      Concept of Dependent Variable

Here, we review literatures from across the world relating to the dependent variable which is also known as the explained variable.

 

2.4      Measuring Independent Variable

Here we review literatures which capture ways in which our independent variables have been measured over the years.

 

2.5      Measuring Dependent Variable

Here we review literatures which capture ways in which our dependent variable have been measured over the years.

 

2.6      Factors Affecting Independent Variable

Here, we review literatures on factors that affect the independent variables over a period of time.

 

2.7      Factors Affecting Dependent Variable

Here we review literatures on factors that affect the dependent variable over a period of time.

 

2.8      Theoretical Framework

Here, we review current literatures and conceptual models and theories that facilitate better understanding of the research work.

 

2.8.1  Theories/Models for Independent Variables

Here, theories and models relating to the independent variables are reviewed.

           

            2.8.1.1          Description

            2.8.1.2          Relation to Analysis

            2.8.1.3          Criticism

 

 

 

2.8.2  Model/Theories for Dependent Variable

Here, theories and models relating to the dependent variables  are reviewed.

2.8.1.1          Description

            2.8.1.2          Relation to Analysis

            2.8.1.3          Criticism

 

2.8.3  Models/Theories for Intervening Variables

Here, models and theories relating to the intervening or causal variables are reviewed.

2.8.1.1          Description

            2.8.1.2          Relation to Analysis

            2.8.1.3          Criticism

 

It is worthy of note that for a B.Sc. project work, the above contents may be too cumbersome hence the outline for chapter two can be summarized to capture the following headings:

2.1      Introduction

2.2      Conceptual Issues              This talks about basic definitions of key concepts.

2.3      Empirical Literatures         This talks about literature reviews that relate

directly to the country in which the research work is carried out for. It reviews contributions of great scholars concerning the topic and how their contributions have scientifically been tested to match general assumptions.

2.4      Theoretical Literatures     This reviews literatures from other great scholars

and researchers from across the world and their contribution to the topic.

2.5, 2.6, 2.7                                     You can add other relevant topics relating to your

project work, theoretical frameworks, theories and models, etc..

 

Chapter Three: Methodology

The chapter three talks about your choice of methodology to be adopted in the research work. Depending on the method or the kind of data you wish to utilize in the study, i.e. primary (Questionnaire) or secondary (existing) data, the methodology varies for primary data, the author has to consider this research design, population and sampling, research instruments, model specification, apriori expectation measurement of variables, sourced of data, method of data analysis, method justification, etc. Whereas for secondary data, the researcher is expected to have the following headlines captured in his/her chapter three: introduction, model specification which explains how the model was constructed from past theoretical frameworks, theories and models, apriori expectations, measurement of variables, sources of data, method of data analysis, etc.

 

Chapter Four: Data Analysis and Presentation

This chapter should start with an introduction, then a presentation (for secondary data), descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, discussion of findings –which covers the discussion of analysis, and policy implications.

 

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations

This chapter covers the summary of findings, the conclusions derived from the project work, the recommendations to be made to policy makers or decision takes as the case may be, contributions to existing body of knowledge and suggestions for further studies by upcoming or existing researchers.

 

Bibliography

Appendices

 

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